HUBBARD AND THE OCCULT

                          By Jon Atack

                   (Part three of four parts)

  Scientology surely has the distinction of containing the
largest collection of teachings produced by one man. There are
more than a hundred books and over 2,500 recorded lectures. But
there are also thousands of registered trademarks, including many

  Many of these symbols have magical significance. It seems
highly unlikely given his study of the occult that Hubbard was
unaware of the earlier use of these symbols. The Scientology
cross which Hubbard claimed to have seen in an old Spanish church
in Arizona (86) is markedly similar to the Rosicrucian cross
(87) and also to Aleister Crowley's OTO cross. Hubbard had been a
member of the Rosicrucians. He had also commented on Crowley's
Tarot which carries the OTO cross on the back of every card.
Hubbard cannot have been ignorant of these uses.

  The Scientology cross could also be seen as a crossed out
cross,  with potentially Satanic implications. It seems strange
that Hubbard who called Scientology a "better" activity than
Christianity (88) called Christ an invention (89) and said that
the "Creator of Heaven" would be found "with beetles under the
rocks" (90), should have adopted the exclusive Christian word
"church", the garb of Christian ministers and the use of the
cross as a symbol. But Scientology is  based upon deception and

  The Rosicrucians and the Freemasons share a ritual called the
"grave of fire" (91). A senior Rosicrucian who had also studied
Scientology told me that the initiate lies on a carpet within a
pattern of lapping flames. He claimed that Scientology's
Religious Technology Center - or RTC - symbol was very similar.

  The RTC symbol contains the Dianetics triangle, which is a
common magicical symbol, representing the door of the Cabala, the
letter Daleth. Hubbard indeed assigned it  to the Greek
equivalent of Daleth, Delta. The triangle on its base is also the
symbol of Set, the Egyptian god called by some "the destroyer of
man", the male equivalent of Babalon. Indeed Crowley equates Set
with Satan  (93). The triangle is universally recognised as a
sign of malign power. Alexandra David-Neel commented upon its use
as such among the Tibetians. Her best-selling books of the 1930's
contain many other possible comparisons with Hubbard's work.

  The "S and double triangle" is a major symbol found throughout
Scientology. The "S" supposedly represents "Scientology" and the
two triangles Affinity-Reality-Communication and
Knowledge-Responsibility-Control. There is another possible
interpretation. The "S" seen on its own can easily be seen as a
snake. To Crowley, indeed, the "S" represented the tempting
serpent, Satan. Perhaps Hubbard's "thetan" is pronounced to match
with a lisped "satan"?  He was after all wry in his humour. The
two triangles can be assembled differently to form  the Star of
David, called the Seal of Solomon by magicians (94). This symbol
allegedly represents "tetragrammaton" the holy name of God which
must never be spoken. Perhaps breaking  it apart is simlar to
hanging the Christian cross upside down.

 Next we see the Sea Organization symbol. The five pointed star,
 or pentacle is the most commonly known symbol of magical power.
It is held between two thirteen-leaved laurels. Armstrong told me
in 1984 that judging by the papers in Hubbard's archive the
creator of Scientology was more interested in numerology than
any other aspect of magic.

   Among the more seemingly fanciful claims of Hubbard's oldest
son, L. Ron, junior, was that his father was the successor to the
magicians who created Nazism. Nazism was certainly an
authoritarian group, a protypical  destructive cult. Recent
revealations about leading Scientologist Thomas Marcellus'
long-running direction of the Institute for Historical Review can
only add to speculation (95). Dusty Sklar has said that had she
known about Hubbard she would have used him in the last chaper of
The Nazis and the Occult  rather than Sun Myung Moon (96). L.
Ron, junior, was sure that the teachings of the Germanen Orden
and the Thule Society had passed directly to his father by
courier. In this light, the white circle on a red square of
Scientology's International Management Organization (97) can be
readily compared to the Nazi flag. The four lightning flashes or
"sig runes" are also common to Nazism. No explanation is given
for these sig runes by Scientology.  They also appear on the RTC
symbol. At the time that both of these symbols were introduced,
Hubbard also created the International Finance Police, headed by
the International Finance Dictator. An unusual choice of words.

  Hitler too had been aware of the power of occult symbols and
rituals. Speaking of Freemasons, he said "All the supposed
abominations, the skeletons and death's head, the coffins and the
mysteries, are mere bogeys for children. But there is one
dangerous element and that is the element I have copied from
them. They form a sort  of priestly nobility. They have developed
and esoteric doctrine more merely formulated, but imparted
through the symbols and mysteries in degrees  of initiation. The
hierarchical organization and the initiation  through symbolic
rites, that is to say, without bothering the brain  by working on
the imagination through magic and the symbols of a cult, all this
has a dangerous element, and the element I have taken over. Don't
you see that our party must be of this character...? An Order,
the hierarchial Order of a secular priesthood." (98)

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